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  • HiOA - Children need time out from adult control
    without being directed by adults she says If we organise such large portions of children s everyday life we run the risk of stifling their natural curiosity and spontaneity says Wolf who is writing a book on the significance of play for children She has also conducted a study of three day care centres in Eastern Norway in which she examined how young children explore and play in different educational environments Children learn a lot through play Children are meant to learn and explore says Danielsen Wolf Children learn a lot through play it has an intrinsic value that must be respected To a large extent children s culture is based on play As for strengthening the day care centre as a learning arena I think it s important that play be understood as a form of both living and learning say Danielsen Wolf The researchers believes that care play and learning should be viewed in relation to each other but that play should also be understood as ways in which children behave and express themselves Play therefore has special significance If we view learning as a matter of giving adults more control over children s everyday life in the day care centre we run the risk of becoming too methodical and organised she says Day care centres vary considerably in terms of the opportunities they offer for free play HiOA researcher Kristin Danielsen Wolf Foto Benjamin A Ward Play environment inspires children Danielsen Wolf is also concerned with the different ways in which a day care centre s physical environment can stimulate play One of the main messages in her book is that rich and varied play environments that offer different types of equipment and materials will promote different forms of play The data I collected indicate that there

    Original URL path: http://www.hioa.no/eng/node_2273/Children-need-time-out-from-adult-control (2015-09-15)
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  • HiOA - Emotional connections to products may benefit the environment
    appreciated and thus remain longer in the user s possession This idea is supported by psychological reflections on consumer behaviour in modern consumer culture based on observations and interviews related to buying and replacing various products In Norway for example a lot of people renovate their kitchens on a regular basis either because they become tired of the old one or their friends or neighbours are doing it or they regard it as a way of confirming their social status or for some other reason This gives them a rather short lived sense of pleasure known in the research literature as the honeymoon period after which time things soon revert to feeling rather ordinary and dull says Gulden However in cases where homeowners are personally involved in designing their kitchen and in choosing the materials colours and components the final result acquires a more personal stamp the owner s footprint which means that the product is more likely to last longer than if it had just been picked out if some catalogue The principle is such that the more influence and effort you invest in creating the kitchen the more attached you will become to it afterwards says Gulden Heated stones Spa oven designed by Siri Beate Persen Foto Siri Beate Persen A prototype for a movable oven that is run on electricity but that uses stones as heat storage elements in addition to oil was designed on the basis of this design methodology The designer is Siri Beate Persen who participated in the project through an assignment she completed as part of her master s degree Persen got the idea of a heating solution for a spa oven a stand alone radiator as an alternative to build in panel models The idea is to place natural stones on top of the radiator so that they can be heated and thus serve as heat storage elements either on top of the radiator or elsewhere in a room The process of searching for suitable stones of being outdoors in nature perhaps together with others of choosing the stones and of holding them in your hands are all activities and sensations which users will incorporate into their sense of ownership and use of the radiator This will assign the radiator a totally different value than the panel oven it replaces and will be perceived by its owners as something they would be reluctant to get rid of says Gulden More conceptual than aesthetic According to Gulden thinking in terms of memories histories experiences and emotions rather than requirements for environmental sustainability implies a break with the aesthetic which he feels has been afforded too much emphasis in design thinking for many years We should be thinking more in terms of concept instead and let design choices be based on serving a higher purpose The coffee press is an example of a pretty good concept far better than the coffee filter machine with respect to sustainability and taste many would say How many

    Original URL path: http://www.hioa.no/eng/node_2273/Emotional-connections-to-products-may-benefit-the-environment (2015-09-15)
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  • HiOA - Master's Degree in International Social Welfare and Health Policy
    26 are international students and six are Norwegian students This year is the first where the students from bachelor degrees in applied social sciences at the Faculty of Social Sciences SAM are able to apply directly to this master s degree A great opportunity Marit Moe og Silje Winterkjær Foto Charlotte Tjomsland Among the students that chose to apply directly are Marit Moe 25 and Silje Winterkjær 24 They started their Master s Degree in International Social Welfare and Health Policy approximately five months ago I would not have felt ready to start on a master s degree directly from a bachelor s degree if it was not for this great opportunity says Moe It extends our horizons and gives us a broadened perspective on what we have learned during our bachelor s degree says Winterkjær adding that the master s degree focuses on a political and structural level of analysis with regards to social work as opposed to the individual level You can say that we see a broader context she concludes They both hope and expect to be able to apply for a wide range of relevant positions after completion within the fields of health policy and social welfare on an international level Would you recommend this international learning environment to other students Yes It is so interesting The way we learn about other cultures at the same time as we get to understand structural thinking in a broader perspective is a good combination says Moe enthusiastically In addition they get to improve their English as well The fact that the programme is international is entirely positive for the girls We get examples from all over the world all in one classroom I think we get to see global issues like social challenges with a differentiated gaze than

    Original URL path: http://www.hioa.no/eng/node_2273/Master-s-Degree-in-International-Social-Welfare-and-Health-Policy (2015-09-15)
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  • HiOA - Cancer-patient relatives need hope
    to help boost hope Nurses can give hope Inger Utne Foto Benjamin A Ward Nurses can inspire hope through their actions and words They must therefore tread carefully when dealing with patients and relatives What they say and how they say it are important factors And it s not always necessary to say everything says Utne Utne investigated what significance hope in cancer patients and their relatives has for the way in which relatives perceived their role as caregivers A total of 112 couples participated in the study All the cancer patients who participated in the study were experiencing pain and metastasis the spread of cancer to other organs The findings of the study indicate that hope in both patients and relatives affects the way in which the relatives cope with the role of caregiver One particularly important factor in coping with the role of caregiver is the level of hope in the relative In a prior study Utne found that cancer patients have higher levels of hope compared with the rest of the population Every role is important Cancer patients usually have relatively short hospital stays and much of their treatment and monitoring is provided at home Because this situation places more tasks and responsibilities on the relatives Utne thinks that nurses should provide guidance to relatives on how they can best help the patient We no longer have just one patient relatives play a very important role and health care personnel must work together with them says Utne Utne s study is part of a large scale project led by Oslo University Hospital to evaluate the effect of measures aimed at relatives in such a way as to improve pain relief and quality of life for both patients and relatives Utne sees the need for more research into

    Original URL path: http://www.hioa.no/eng/node_2273/Cancer-patient-relatives-need-hope (2015-09-15)
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  • HiOA - Day-care children benefit from risk in play
    ensure that children are given the opportunity to experience challenges in outdoor play Not all day care centres provide opportunities for risk taking and physical challenges in outdoor environments says Rosted Neegaard This is something he wants to address The book is based on research findings and provides a scientific basis for arranging trips Henrik Rosted Neegaard right believes that playground safety inspectors lack insight into children s needs for risk taking play and physical challenges Foto Benjamin A Ward Tree climbing is healthy A conscientious and professional kindergarten teacher will choose a terrain and environment that accommodates different types of outdoor activities both risk taking play in natural environments and relaxing outdoor play says Rosted Neegaard Children benefit from being able to do both of these There should be something for every child from whittling sticks to climbing hills he says This is something he emphasizes in his classes on physical education in the early childhood education programme at HiOA For example he sees tree climbing as one of the best things children can do both for the experience itself and for physical and motor development Must not overprotect children Henrik Rosted Neegaard has recently published a book entitled Friluftsliv og uteliv i barnehagen Outdoor Recreation and Outdoor Life in Day Care Centres Foto Sonja Balci Children are physical beings and they experience the world through their bodies Children who are not exposed to risk nor given opportunities to test their boundaries will be incapable of taking risks says Rosted Neegaard This involves finding the right balance and good kindergarten teachers know how to do that The easiest option for kindergarten staff is to say No that s dangerous but overprotecting children can produce anxious children who don t know how to deal with their surrounding environment Another thing

    Original URL path: http://www.hioa.no/eng/node_2273/Day-care-children-benefit-from-risk-in-play (2015-09-15)
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  • HiOA - Tackling youth unemployment
    engelsk Tackling youth unemployment Tackling youth unemployment Youth unemployment in the Nordic region has increased as a result of the financial crisis Can the Nordic countries learn from each other in order to counteract this trend Short term unemployment among youth is not a problem in itself It is when unemployment becomes entrenched that there is danger afoot says Christer Hyggen who is post doctoral research fellow at NOVA Young people who are employable and willing to work should not find themselves outside of working life Research from Sweden and Japan shows that a person s development in working life is greatly affected by whether or not the transition from school to working life goes smoothly We must avoid losing a generation in the wake of the financial crisis says Dr Hyggen Dr Hyggen is the research coordinator of the Nordic Committee for Children and Young People NORDBUK which is an advisory and coordinating body for matters relating to children and young people under the Nordic Council of Ministers Read the interview with Christer Hyggen in NordForsk Magazine 2013 Contact Christer Hyggen for more information christer hyggen nova hioa no Published 03 12 2013 6 00 am HiOA About us

    Original URL path: http://www.hioa.no/eng/node_2273/Tackling-youth-unemployment (2015-09-15)
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  • HiOA - International Semester
    as a tool in child welfare work and identity Peter Van Leeuwen professor at Hahn University in Holland is one of the international staff members involved in teaching the students as a part of an international corporation between the Faculty of Social Sciences at HiOA and Hahn University in Holland Professor Van Leeuwen is visiting Norway at HiOA for the eighth time this year and as always his contribution in creativity and the playful approach is setting off the students for their project work After lectures and exposure to a variety of methods within the field of social welfare students choose one particular method on which to focus and create a project related to a particular target group The students bring their different backgrounds together and have a chance to experience what it is like to cooperate with people from a variety of academics and with social perspectives Together they create a common platform for their projects often within the framework of the Convention on the Rights of the Child Flying Start Elisabeth Grønningen has been the coordinator of the International Semester since the first semester of Child Welfare and Creative Methods in Social Work had its flying start in autumn 2006 Grønningen presented the idea of the International semester to the Dean and colleagues at SAM with support from colleagues from HAN University in Nijmegen She is together with fellow colleagues from the Faculty of Social Sciences and international partner institutions still developing the International Semester Target Groups Students often step out of their comfort zone and step into new and interesting challenges when executing their projects As an example of what a target group can be Grønningen speaks enthusiastically of one of the group projects from 2011 A project group was meant to do their project Using Art

    Original URL path: http://www.hioa.no/eng/node_2273/International-Semester (2015-09-15)
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  • HiOA - - Working with children is a privilege
    to live a more normal life becomes Early treatment improves the effect of training and children acquire roughly the same skills as other children sooner It s therefore important that the health clinics recognize the signs and take parents suspicions seriously Parental suspicions often prove to be well founded says Eikeseth The benefits of early intervention were also emphasized in the large scale Mother and Child Cohort Study led by Camilla Stoltenberg Stimulus and training The behavioural therapy recommended by Eikeseth and peers consists of stimulation and skills training based on a thorough mapping of the child s situation and active use of principles in learning psychology The treatment concentrates on social skills play language and communication self help skills and other difficulties the child might have in planned and controlled sequences during which the child is helped to gradually acquire more skills It is the overall effect of this brick by brick process that enables the child to catch up with his peers After at least two years of hard work some children with autism can reach a skills level that enables them to make friends manage at school and gradually grow into a self reliant person with a high level of personal integrity Some children function so well that they simply lose their diagnosis says Eikeseth Requirement for ethical standards Although conducting skills training in the form of games and play activities may seem banal it is based on advanced principles and methods in learning psychology and developmental psychology This in itself raises some issues The more effective methods become the greater the need for ethical reflection Methods must always be assessed along the way both from the perspective of ethical issues and from the perspective of what appears to have an effect for the individual child This is important for giving the child the best possible treatment says Eikeseth Research with relevance for others A project which Eikeseth is currently leading is examining whether methods used for treating children with autism might also have positive relevance for children with intellectual disabilities including Down syndrome An article recently published in the Journal of the Norwegian Psychological Association no 12 2012 discusses causes of and treatment based on behavioural therapy with respect to self restraint in people with intellectual disabilities and self injurious behaviour The same topic is discussed in an article entitled Cognitive and active behaviour outcomes of behavioural intervention for young children with intellectual disability in the online journal Behavioural Modification As a researcher Eikeseth is concerned with maintaining close contact with the field of practice He acts as supervisor for therapists and teachers and occasionally joins teams that are set up to support a child diagnosed with autism Teams like these often work in day care centres Eikeseth believes that research and teaching through observation and testing in the field of practice hold high value for both the theoretical and the practical fields It s a matter of keeping in close contact Eikeseth acquired this practise

    Original URL path: http://www.hioa.no/eng/node_2273/Working-with-children-is-a-privilege (2015-09-15)
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