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  • HiOA - First student group in universal design
    universell utforming av IKT Linn Steen Hansen Maud Veronica Gine Lundh Anqi Zhao Yang Yang Xiangyang Yang Dipendra Sapkota Nem Kanta Bhurtel Pramod Lama og Way Kiat Bong To studenter var ikke til stede da bildet ble tatt The first semester consists of courses in universal design of interactive systems research methods user diversity and universal design and technologies for accessibility The students seem to have gained a good impression of the programme We are satisfied so far said the students Why did you choose this programme I chose it because it offered me the chance of becoming a pioneer in something said one of the students So many laws and regulations related to universal design have now been enforced and we can be in front in terms of doing something about it There are many challenges in the countries from which the students come We try to learn things that we can try to use back home said one of the students from Nepal Because of the legislation that has come into force there is a general lack of competence in universal design of ICT This competence will probably be important to have in for example design companies The diversity of the students backgrounds means that the competence they take away with them can be applied in different areas Their educational backgrounds include business management engineering IT and librarian studies All of them will live in Norway during the two year programme The students would recommend this programme to others because they believe it will prove very useful One of the reasons why it will be an advantage in the market of the future is the relatively high number of elderly Universal design can help more people cope on their own when IT solutions can be adapted to a

    Original URL path: http://www.hioa.no/eng/node_2273/First-student-group-in-universal-design (2015-09-15)
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  • HiOA - Treating everyday aches and pains with Paracetamol
    A total of 367 tenth graders participated in the study Fifty per cent of the boys and 71 per cent of the girls had used over the counter painkillers during the previous month Twenty six per cent of the adolescents had used such drugs daily or weekly and almost as many boys as girls were among the high dosage users This was surprising because other studies on pain have shown that girls experience more pain than boys Our material shows that more girls than boys were represented among the adolescents with less frequent and more sporadic use This is probably because girls experience aches and pains in connection with their menstrual cycle says Skarstein Experience considerable pain The research shows that adolescents with high frequency use of painkillers experience considerable pain This pain is often felt in multiple parts of the body and headache and musculoskeletal pain are the most common types Examples of situations that can cause aches and pains are excessive screen activity hectic programmes involving friends and physical training low intake of fluids and excessive classroom noise This suggests that there may be a connection between a stressful everyday life on the one hand and pain and frequent use of painkillers on the other When so many adolescent choose to use painkillers daily and weekly this is a sign that many of them are suffering from pain Pain has a significant impact on sleep and perceived quality of life The adolescents who are high frequency users of painkillers more often have a higher daily intake of caffeinated drinks which may represent attempts at countering tiredness We must take adolescents seriously when they complain about aches and pains Painkillers are not a good long term solution says Skarstein Lower self esteem Skarstein s study shows that high frequency

    Original URL path: http://www.hioa.no/eng/node_2273/Treating-everyday-aches-and-pains-with-Paracetamol (2015-09-15)
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  • HiOA - PhD candidate Kjersti Nesje is looking for answers
    lives and towards ways of promoting enjoyment and welfare Working life is an arena in which I consider it particularly important to study phenomena like these What are you trying to find out I m trying to find out which factors may be involved in influencing positive aspects of jobs such as identity and engagement How do you go about finding the answers I use StudData a questionnaire which follows students from different institutions from the time they begin their studies to the time when they begin their professional careers Gathering data for this type of questionnaire is time and resource intensive so it s great to have the opportunity to analyze data material like this Why is this research so important In the near future the nursing profession which is what I am currently writing about will undergo a growing need for personnel This means that the profession will need to increase recruitment and to make its current practitioners want to stay If the findings of my research can say something about what makes nurses remain in the profession this will have significance for professional practitioners as individuals and for society as a whole What challenges does your field of research face In the field of occupational psychology in which I work the vastness of the research aimed at measuring phenomona that resemble each other can prove challenging It can therefore be difficult to gain an overview of the research that has been done in the field and to know what has relevance for my project What other research interests do you have I m very interested in classic social psychology which deals with group identification and group discrimination Your favourite textbook Tajfel s article entitled Experiments in Intergroup Discrimination from 1970 was a really important contribution toward formation

    Original URL path: http://www.hioa.no/eng/node_2273/PhD-candidate-Kjersti-Nesje-is-looking-for-answers (2015-09-15)
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  • HiOA - Child Welfare Service reluctant to intervene in high-conflict cases
    provision In this way the Child Welfare Service often ends up operating in a legal grey zone says Jevne New law new signals A new law gives the Child Welfare Service a more decisive role in high conflict cases like these The courts may order the Child Welfare Service to contribute with so called protected supervision so that the child and the parent with access rights are monitored throughout the access period The new law sends a clear signal that these high conflict cases are a matter for the Child Welfare Service says Jevne The number of high conflict cases will only increase in the coming years says Jevne and the Child Welfare Service will have to define how it will deal with them According to research child welfare case officers find these cases extremely difficult Are the concerns legitimate The dilemma the Child Welfare Service faces is having to assess the legitimacy of the the concerns of one parent about the care being provided by the other When parents live apart it is easier to interpret such concerns as groundless accusations that arise when parents are fighting over a child It s not right to say that those concerns are groundless Research shows that these concerns are perceived as genuine by those who report them says Jevne Must investigate the accusations How should the Child Welfare Service assess the information they are given by one of the parents They must investigate accusations and not simply dismiss them as groundless says the researcher The Child Welfare Service must take them seriously and make professional judgements based on their professional competence says Jevne Disagreement with the courts The Child Welfare Service does not have the authority to change access rights it must rely on the courts to do so It may only conduct investigations and only then if the court agrees with its assessment which is often not the case There are numerous examples of a court reaching the opposite conclusion to that of the Child Welfare Service says Jevne and cites one example which is far from exceptional The mother suspects the father of sexually abusing the child The Child Welfare Service investigates and recommends that the court terminate the father s right of access to the child The mother wins the case The father appeals and wins the appeal The child is moved to live with the father A new municipal Child Welfare Service takes over the case because the child has moved to live with the father who lives in another municipality The new Child Welfare Service office must familiarise itself with the case The Child Welfare Service can do more Parental concerns have to do with the quality of care provided by the other parent says Jevne She says that if the Child Welfare Service investigates whether the quality of care giving is good enough or not it can either help allay concerns or support parents in efforts to have living or access arrangements changed There is

    Original URL path: http://www.hioa.no/eng/node_2273/Child-Welfare-Service-reluctant-to-intervene-in-high-conflict-cases (2015-09-15)
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  • HiOA - High salary a lower priority for women
    aspects Why do women earn less The usual explanation for the gender wage gap is that men work in highly paid professions and women work in poorly paid professions However Abrahamsen s research findings show that choice of profession does not fully explain why women earn less than men It seems that personal preferences are crucial for understanding the gender wage gap and they they can explain why women earn less than men even when they choose the same profession says Abrahamsen Consequently a male nurse will prioritise salary when choosing a job whereas a female nurse will choose the job with best opportunities for working part time Part time work and children According to the study it is not only women caring for children that are interested in part time jobs women without children also opt for jobs with good part time schemes One possible explanation is that they think ahead to a time when they will want to work part time It therefore comes as no surprise that more women than men have jobs that offer good opportunities for working part time and that more men than women have jobs that pay more says Abrahamsen Don t work part time It also appears that very few women who apply for jobs offering good opportunities for working part time do actually work part time According to Abraham s analysis this may be because working part time may not suit many women s current life situation though there may be other explanations Once they enter working life women actually become less interested in working part time and become more interested in earning a high salary says Abrahamsen The gender wage gap is largly due to the fact that women and men choose jobs with different career opportunities Equal and traditional

    Original URL path: http://www.hioa.no/eng/node_2273/High-salary-a-lower-priority-for-women (2015-09-15)
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  • HiOA - Intergenerational Justice in Scandinavia: The Super Model?
    through the life course you remain part of the same generation or birth cohort from the day you are born until you die Therefore differential treatment of age groups does Illustrasjonsfoto colourbox no not necessarily violate principles of intergenerational justice Think for instance of a contributory old age pension system which by design transfers money from the working age population to the elderly As long as current workers receive a similar level of transfers when they reach retirement this kind of redistribution will be neutral with respect to generations In fact this mechanism is sometimes referred to as an implicit intergenerational contract and has until now been the most common way of organising public old age pensions Finally matters are further complicated if successive cohorts differ in size Unfortunately this represents the rule rather than the exception The current situation in most of the OECD world is that larger generations are followed by smaller ones creating problems especially for old age social protection systems which were created under the assumption of steadily growing populations With modest fertility rates and steadily increasing life expectancy the tax base does not grow fast enough to continue to finance public pensions in the way that was done in the past This is the basic reason why we have seen large pension reforms in a number of OECD countries Sustainable pension systems alone aren t enough to foster intergenerational fairness Pension reform has been an important policy issue also for Nordic governments Sweden in 1999 and Norway in 2011 implemented comprehensive reforms of their old age pension systems However setting public pensions on a financially sustainable path is only part of the story of how Nordic societies seem to balance the distribution between generations and across age in a sensible way As the findings of the SGI Study on Intergenerational Justice in Aging Societies show from a comparative perspective children in the Nordic countries are doing well Child poverty levels are relatively low and government debt is well below the OECD average which was equal to just over 50 per cent of GDP in 2010 Note also that in the peculiar case of Norway government debt indicators also as they are represented in the SGI Study are less meaningful The country has built up a massive public fund from petroleum revenues with a market value currently approaching 600 billion Moreover work friendly family policies including an emphasis on providing affordable care services for dependent children and elderly have long been a priority in the Nordic countries As a result even though they with the exception of Iceland do not quite reach the replacement fertility rate of 2 1 generally more babies are born in the Nordic countries than further south on the European continent At the same time female employment is high providing a broad tax base that helps in meeting the costs of population ageing Overall while not seeing it as a super model like the Economist actually did earlier this year it seems

    Original URL path: http://www.hioa.no/eng/node_2273/Intergenerational-Justice-in-Scandinavia-The-Super-Model (2015-09-15)
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  • HiOA - Former HiOA student won writing competition
    in which she was used to living I particularly highlight a constant evaluation between being an outsider and incompetent trying to understand another context in terms of the unique role a researcher from outside can have to question things that have become established truths explains Live For her starting point Live attempts to understand children s universe and reality which is important though extremely difficult In my research I decided that it was better to have a go than to let their voices go unheard I particularly wanted to emphasize that the research had to benefit the children that they were treated well felt they could contribute something had self determination and found it fun says Live Conveys methodological dilemmas At the awards ceremony Anne Lise Fimreite jury member and Pro Rector at the University of Bergen said Live s text is perhaps a surprising choice given that the topic is research and dissemination But as well as being well written the article is also important because it conveys some of the methodological dilemmas researchers are constantly faced with Recognition was a key word for me when I had to characterise the text for the other jury members The dilemma Live points to of wondering whether the people you are studying are represented in your research in a good way has often been a challenge for me in my career as a researcher When Live writes But the words can never do full justice to the people who are there inside the tape recorder with their stories those words are representative of my thoughts and I m sure the thoughts of many other researchers More often than not I have been in precisely the same position when I ve had to record my interviews and observations in words The text

    Original URL path: http://www.hioa.no/eng/node_2273/Former-HiOA-student-won-writing-competition (2015-09-15)
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  • HiOA - New report on marketisation in the Nordic countries
    years Market inspired measures such as competitive tendering and user choice models have been introduced in all Nordic countries and in some countries there has been an increase of private for profit provision of care services This report researched and written by Normacare members is the first effort to comprehensively document the process of marketisation in Sweden Finland Denmark and Norway Our hope is that the report will provide both a foundation and an inspiration for further research on change in Nordic eldercare The report seeks to answer the following questions What kinds of market reforms have been carried out in Nordic eldercare systems What is the extent of privately provided services How is the quality of marketised eldercare monitored What has the impact of marketisation been on users of eldercare on care workers and on eldercare systems Are marketisation trends similar in the four countries or are there major differences between them The report also includes analyses of aspects of marketisation in Canada and the United States where there is a longer history of markets in care These contributions offer some perhaps salutary warnings for the Nordic countries about the risks of increasing competition and private provision in eldercare

    Original URL path: http://www.hioa.no/eng/node_2273/New-report-on-marketisation-in-the-Nordic-countries (2015-09-15)
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