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  • HiOA - Public libraries promote inclusion
    feature of libraries is that fact that people who visit them are not defined or categorised on the basis of what they do At the library no one is a doctor a novelist a patient a client or unemployed At the library everyone is simply a library user says Aabø and illustrates her point by describing a scene from the local library in Torshov A woman in her thirties is sitting opposite a man in his fifties Both of them are using the library s computers The woman has recently made her debut as a fiction writer with one of the largest Norwegian publishing houses The man has been unemployed for some time and uses the library as a way of structuring his days Neither the woman s success nor the man s lack of success is apparent to others To outsiders both of them are simply library users At the library users encounter things that are different and unfamiliar It is also a place where one can hide one s marginalised position Available to everyone People feel that the library belongs to them Asylum seekers also regard the library as somewhere where they have a right to be We believe that the public libraries can identify people who are on the verge of becoming marginalised says Aabø These features of libraries contribute towards social inclusion Many similarities The researchers observed and interviewed library users at three different public libraries in three districts of Oslo Røa which is located on the west and more affluent side of Oslo Torshov which is located close to Oslo city centre and Holmlia a district with a high a immigrant population density What struck us was how similar these public libraries are despite their different local environments says Aabø Somewhere to go Some library

    Original URL path: http://www.hioa.no/eng/node_2273/Public-libraries-promote-inclusion (2015-09-15)
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  • HiOA - On Wallpaper’s list of emerging talents
    designers confidence as well as provide inspiration to other students and give them the courage to show what they can do For every designer it is a matter of being seen and winning support for the work they do and in this industry it is important to believe in what you are doing he says Professor Gundersen says that the students are dedicated and hard working Wallpaper s stamp of quality Art historian Benedicte Sunde from the Norwegian Centre for Design and Architecture says that the students named on the list have been awarded a stamp of quality Wallpaper s editorial staff will follow the progress of the student s work so it s a case of striking while the iron s hot and throwing themselves into their work says Benedicte who knows many of the students personally through exhibitions held at the centre She is also involved in finding new designer talents It is impressive that so many students from one design programme ended up on the list and the students demonstrate a high standard says Benedicte Ane Domaas and Linda Falang In June 2011 Ane Domaas and Linda Falang graduated with bachelor degrees in product design from the former Akershus University College For their bachelor s degree thesis they collaborated on the Vi lamp series inspired by the movements of a crow s foot The colours were inspired by a typical Norwegian summer Ane Domaas is now in the first year of her master s degree studies in product design at HiOA Linda Falang is taking her master s degree at Mid Sweden University in Sundsvall Sweden Both enjoy experimenting with different materials but are particularly fond of Norwegian materials and forms of expression Websites www anekristine com and www lindafalangdesign com Vi lamp series designed by Ane Domaas and Linda Falang Caroline Olsson In her bachelor s degree thesis Caroline Olsson designed the Skog lamp series in collaboration with Magnor Glassverk Caroline comes from Eidskog and found inspiration in the forests surrounding the Magnor glassworks Green glass globes and oak bases evoke associations to different tree shapes Caroline is now in the first year of her master s degree studies in product design at HiOA She was one of the new designer talents who were given the opportunity to exhibit their prototypes at the 100 Norway exhibition in London in September In February she will undertake an internship with Anderssen Voll owned by the former Norway Says partners Espen Voll and Torbjørn Anderssen Website www carolineolsson no Caroline Olsson designed the Skog lamp series based on simple organic forms Martin Johnson Product design student Martin Johnson worked on the Klean floor lamp during the second year of his bachelor studies He says it is a lamp with personality which also attempts to capture the essence of clean no frills aesthetics Martin is now in this final year of his bachelor s degree studies in programme design at HiOA His dream is to design something that makes a

    Original URL path: http://www.hioa.no/eng/node_2273/On-Wallpaper-s-list-of-emerging-talents (2015-09-15)
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  • HiOA - Student culture decisive for learning
    grade class and has observed and conducted in depth interviews with students in order to understand more about student culture and how it affects the learning process Relegated to break periods He illustrates this with an example taken from his fieldwork Among first graders boys in particular competition generates a lot of fun first one to their desk first one to open their lunch box etc It is a simple and uncomplicated game a game with humour and excitement One day the maths teacher gives an assignment on number comprehension They should all start at the same time and work on the same assignment paper The assignments were good but when first graders like these were asked to start at the same time like that it triggered a contest to be the first one to finish It didn t help the students to develop their number comprehension he says Student culture is contributing towards schoolwork being relegated to a break period says Michelet Lots of run lots of number writing but no indication of learning Lack theoretical knowledge A cultural perspective is almost non existent in the knowledge base for teacher training says Michelet And the little that does exist concentrates on the student teacher relationship Teacher training therefore has little to offer students in this area The teacher s knowledge in this area is therefore based primarily on experience Michelet thinks that student culture as a new theoretical concept could help develop teachers knowledge Teachers notice when some of their students are being defiant but this is often explained by characteristics in individual students such as two strong leaders taking the lead It may well be that there are two strong leaders there but what significance that has for their fellow students participation in learning processes is dependent on

    Original URL path: http://www.hioa.no/eng/node_2273/Student-culture-decisive-for-learning (2015-09-15)
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  • HiOA - Social media changing role of the journalist
    journalist must be able to publish online and preferably be able to take videos for both TV and online media The role of the journalist has been expanded in a multimedia and technological direction It is therefore vital not to lose sight of what lies at the core of journalism Presents ethical challenges New situations have arisen in social media which also affect professional ethics When a journalist expresses an opinion on Twitter is it a private message or is it one expressed by virtue of being a journalist Distinctions like these are fuzzy yet vital to be consciously aware of Steensen points out He mentions the coverage of the events of 22 July by journalists from VG newspaper as an example of journalists who do not understand their role in social media When VG published pictures from the reconstruction on Utøya several VG journalists tweeted that the pictures were exclusive to them It came across as self praise which was made public but which ought to have been private More time for dialogue According to Steensen social media are introducing an interesting development that is influencing the role of the journalist The contact which today s journalists have with their audience has changed completely Previously it was more or less non existent Whereas previously a journalist might receive letters or telephone calls from readers after publication nowadays many journalists have direct contact with a group of readers or an audience And this is going on not only after a story is published but also during the research phase he says Direct contact with an audience can also be useful for finding sources seeking out information or experiences or getting opinions on something Showing more humility Steensen describes the new role of the journalist as far more social and outward

    Original URL path: http://www.hioa.no/eng/node_2273/Social-media-changing-role-of-the-journalist (2015-09-15)
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  • HiOA - HiOA to lead EU project
    reassurance that they have no undesirable consequences or that they will not be perceived as controversial by the general public says Forsberg The GMO debate A good example of how wrong things can go when dealing with new technology is the debate surrounding genetically modified organisms GMOs in the EU and in Norway Things went too fast there The impacts of the technology were unclear and we had no knowledge about what consequences the technology would have says Forsberg The EU wants to avoid a new GMO crisis at all costs she says Need for integrated assessments In the EU the discussion is about whether the overall assessment of these new technologies is good enough There is a call for more integrated assessments but without the EU getting caught up in the competition to be at the forefront of technology and innovation Within the EU there is general acknowledgement that society should have more control over technology developments This reflects a shift away from the thinking that as long as the market the innovation and the research are free the best results are assured says Forsberg Today the EU wants more dialogue between the scientists the advisors and those who receive the advice Four technologies The researchers in the project will study four technologies Nanotechnology in food production Synthetic biology New biofuels New information and communication technologies The aim is to examine how different technologies are assessed Who has commissioned the studies What is the premises for the different assessments Have factors other than the economic ones been taken into account when evaluating whether or not they are socially beneficial It is important to clarify the premise for the advice that is offered to politicians and other decision makers says Forsberg Social benefit must not be evaluated on the basis

    Original URL path: http://www.hioa.no/eng/node_2273/HiOA-to-lead-EU-project (2015-09-15)
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  • HiOA - Fetus constantly active right up until birth
    and quality assurance of antenataland obstetric care Counted kicks Saastad is one of the researchers in an international research project in which 1 786 pregnant Norwegian women counted the number of fetal kicks from their 28 th week of pregnancy Once every 24 hours they registered how long it took to feel ten movements We found that the time it took to feel ten movements remained constant right up until the birth and the average time was 10 minutes says Saastad However she points out that the activity can often feel different during late pregnancy because the baby s nervous system and muscles mature and the baby gains more control of its movements and sleeping pattern such as longer periods of sleep More research needed The essence of our research into fetal activity is to raise awareness among pregnant women so that they are in a better position to understand how their baby is doing says Saastad This study is important because we lack adequate knowledge about what normal fetal activity is We therefore need more research to be done in order to provide pregnant women with better information For example some women report that the kicks become weaker during late pregnancy and we lack knowledge about what this means she says Defending her thesis in 2012 Eli Saastad wished she had had access to more research based knowledge when she worked as a midwife Pregnant women receive a lot of advice about the number of times the baby should kick every day but these figures often give rise to anxiety I have more faith in giving pregnant women good information and methods for following the progress of their own pregnancy and baby Saastad adds that this will be even more important now that the health authorities have recommended reducing

    Original URL path: http://www.hioa.no/eng/node_2273/Fetus-constantly-active-right-up-until-birth (2015-09-15)
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  • HiOA - Behaviour analysis is helping Lisa
    ago she has made significant progress Applied behaviour analysis is an effective treatment method for young children with autism and early and intensive training has been proven to improve IQ language and self help skills This is the first experimental study in the world that investigates whether early and intensive training based on applied behaviour analysis may also have a positive effect on the functional ability of children with developmental disabilities but without a diagnosis of autism says PhD candidate Lars Klintwall at the Department of Behavioural Science who is supervising the students Lars Klintwall PhD candidate at HiOA Photo Sonja Balci Learning new skills Lisa is one of 40 children taking part in this study in which one group will receive early and intensive training and the other will receive normal treatment with special needs education In applied behaviour analysis we don t think that the child has some underlying disorder which we attempt to cure we analyse what behaviour the child lacks for example eye contact and then provide the relevant training Another difference is that we train a few skills at a time and help the children so that they almost always succeed in performing the tasks explains Klintwall We use the children s interests in order to teach them new skills for example special toys and activities to show them which actions are worth repeating Could not speak Lisa could say only a few words when she was four years old and had difficulties functioning in groups with other children She was exceptionally shy and found it difficult to make eye contact When she met people she didn t know she tended to look down It was difficult to understand Lisa and she therefore played on her own most of the time Lisa has found it

    Original URL path: http://www.hioa.no/eng/node_2273/Behaviour-analysis-is-helping-Lisa (2015-09-15)
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  • HiOA - Organizing photos using the sun
    pictures but less fun to organise them afterwards says Professor Frode Eika Sandnes at the Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences HiOA who has developed the new method which automatically determine where you have been by analysing your digial images Eika Sandnes method Eika Sandnes method which was recently published in an academic journal organizes your images by using the light intensity and the time of day at which the images were captured Usually it is brighter around midday than in the afternoon or early morning The light intensity is thus used to identify approximately which ones were taken around midday and which ones were taken around sundown The number of hours of sunlight depends on our geographical location and the time of year In the northern hemisphere the days are shorter during the winter and longer during the summer Basic astronomical calculations can therefore be used to determine a geographical location when we know approximately when the sun is at its highest and when it sets says Professor Eika Sandnes Fast and automatic The image sorting process is fast and automatic and provides you with a systematic overview Among other things you can obtain a better overview of the contents of a large collection of images and the method simplifies searches for specific images says the professor The automatically generated image descriptions can also benefit blind computer users GPS limitations Several academic studies have addressed the organization of images but there are still few software applications that do a good job at automatic image sorting Some experimental software applications recognises landmarks and tie images to a specific location but they don t work with locations without landmarks says professor Eika Sandnes GPS can also be used to tie images to locations but you need a GPS enabled

    Original URL path: http://www.hioa.no/eng/node_2273/Organizing-photos-using-the-sun (2015-09-15)
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