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  • China - norad.no
    sludge SINTEF is the Norwegian cooperation partner A further project regards biological diversity and climate change in conjunction and identifies measures that can reinforce ecosystem services and reduce greenhouse gas emissions This field is an international priority under the Convention on Biological Diversity and the Convention on Climate Change Norway also provides support for the think tank China Council for International Cooperation on Environment and Development This Chinese think tank provides recommendations to the Chinese government with regard to achieving China s environmental and development objectives Norway has supported this council since its establishment in 1992 and Norwegian academics provide expertise in the preparation of reports and recommendations Norway was the first country to initiate cooperation with China on mercury a decade ago and good results have been produced From the Chinese side it is pointed out that the cooperation with Norway has provided a key contribution to China s participation in the negotiations on mercury and China s signing of the Minamata Convention on mercury in October 2013 The Norwegian Institute for Water Research NIVA has been the Norwegian partner in this cooperation In the area of environmental toxins Norway also pursues cooperation with China on the implementation of the Stockholm Convention on organic environmental toxins The project focuses on the pollution status in China of the new environmental toxins that have now been included in the convention Two new projects initiated in 2012 cover areas that are high on the environmental policy agenda in China one seeks to achieve better monitoring of air pollution in China the other has as its goal to reinforce the environmental authorities management of environmental risk Welfare development and social models The Norwegian Embassy cooperates with agencies in Norway and China on improving welfare redistribution and models for social development The basis for this cooperation is China s ambition to establish a welfare society adapted to Chinese conditions by 2020 drawing on Norway s experience of establishing funding and maintaining a welfare state In 2013 the embassy has helped support cooperation between Chinese authorities and international expert communities under the auspices of the UN system UNDP and facilitated a continuation of the multi year academic cooperation between Norwegian and Chinese expert groups The projects help promote capacity building and economic redistribution in China In 2013 as previously the embassy contributed funds to the initiation of the National Urban Policy Review in China under the auspices of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development OECD and the National Development and Reform Commission NDRC Norway contributes 20 per cent and the EU Commission 80 per cent of the funding In addition Norway provides an expert from the Ministry of Local Government and Modernisation to the project The goal is that the project should help promote good governance economic development and fair distribution of wealth in China by providing advice to Chinese authorities on a statistical method that includes socioeconomic and environmental factors for management and monitoring of urbanization in China Energy Norway is also seeking

    Original URL path: http://www.norad.no/en/countries/asia-and-oceania/china (2014-09-27)
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  • India - norad.no
    also contributes to the work of several of India s working groups under the national action plan for climate change The cooperation between SINTEF in Trondheim and the Indian Institute of Petroleum has been ongoing for a decade Work with carbon capture from power stations and technology transfer in the use of waste as fuel in e g the cement industry has great potential for India the world s second largest cement producer India is the world s second largest producer of rice after China These two countries together produce more than half of the global rice supply Climate change is already a challenge for rice production To ensure its population access to food in the future India must discover a way to deal with the challenge of climate change Norway supports research on adaptation to climate change with a particular focus on two areas food security and natural disaster prevention A cooperation has been initiated on adaptation strategies for agriculture in drought affected states and the collaboration between Bioforsk and leading institutions in India has produced textbooks technical articles and student assignments Rice farmers have also contributed their knowledge and experience New methods that save water are now being tested on 35 000 hectares of land and encompass 800 farms Norway supports the World Bank s multi donor trust fund the South Asia Water Initiative for increased coordination between the countries surrounded by the Himalayan water reserves In the environmental field it is natural to highlight the cooperation between the Norwegian Environment Agency and the National Biodiversity Authority NBA in Chennai whereby two important institutions are collaborating on the establishment of a centre that will help to strengthen the national and international legal and political framework for biodiversity The Centre for Biodiversity Policy and Law is singled out by politicians and others both in India and Norway as an important future oriented initiative Higher education and research Higher education and research are becoming increasingly important in the cooperation between Norway and India Half of India s population is under the age of 25 and higher education is a goal for many Over the past ten years increased research collaboration has resulted in a strong increase in international co publishing by Norwegian and Indian researchers particularly in priority areas such as climate change energy and environment but also in physics and mathematics The Norwegian Centre for International Cooperation in Education SIU and the Norwegian Research Council cooperate with Indian partners on how best to promote higher education and research between our two countries The bilateral research cooperation with India builds upon a separate agreement from 2006 During a visit to India the previous year Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg established a cooperation with regard to child vaccines This has been expanded to include animal vaccines and especially fish vaccines The India strategy of 2009 placed global challenges such as climate change high on the agenda and India and Norway agreed on a programme of cooperation in 2009 that defines the content

    Original URL path: http://www.norad.no/en/countries/asia-and-oceania/india (2014-09-27)
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  • Indonesia - norad.no
    Institute GGGI to contribute to Indonesia s economic development plans and to help provide technical assistance to the Indonesian REDD process Norway has supported a programme under the auspices of the UN organization UNODC to fight forest crime The programme has reinforced The Special Responsive Police Forest Task Force SPORC improved capacity in the legal system and provided support to civil society with regard to corruption and illegal timber felling The project has also improved the capacity of anti corruption units to investigate forest crime and money laundering Support to the World Bank s work on provision of quality assurance for the funding mechanism REDD FREDDI Norway has supported capacity building in the field of sustainable development in provincial authorities in Papua which is among the country s poorest provinces The Norwegian support was provided in close collaboration with the British Embassy in Jakarta The programme helped strengthen the ability of provincial authorities to include environmental concerns especially forest preservation in their long term planning Norway supports training of journalists in issues pertaining to climate and REDD issues This support was granted to the Dr Soetomo Press Institute which was responsible for organization of a number of courses and lecture series on this topic Ten workshops were implemented with a total of 198 journalists attending Feedback from the participants has been positive and the embassy has observed a series of articles on climate related issues written by participants in this training programme Support to a programme under the auspices of Transparency International TI for analysis of challenges related to management of the forest sector The programme has helped improve transparency as well as contributed to capacity building and strengthening of civil society and its role Energy The collaboration on development of the Indonesian energy sector has proved highly successful and has included establishment of a contract with the Asian Development Bank and the organization HIVOS on electrification of the island of Sumba A project for review of new national policies linked to renewable energy has been established with the Asian Development Bank with Norwegian support University collaboration in the field of clean energy and underground technology between NTNU and SINTEF and two technical universities in Indonesia is proceeding according to plan and an agreement on support to a five year cooperation programme is likely to be signed in the second half of 2014 Indonesia focuses on carbon storage and Norway has provided support for competence building in Indonesia and elsewhere in the region The Norwegian Embassy maintains close cooperation with the Asian Development Bank and the World Bank in this area Norwegian experts from the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy OED Bellona and others have participated in the projects In November 2013 the Norwegian Embassy signed a major contract on mapping of storage areas in the region Democracy equality and human rights Norway gives high priority to human rights in its cooperation with Indonesia and a dialogue at the political and expert levels has been pursued since 2002 The embassy

    Original URL path: http://www.norad.no/en/countries/asia-and-oceania/indonesia (2014-09-27)
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  • Myanmar - norad.no
    supported the International Labour Organisation s ILO capacity building work connected to the implementation of Myanmar s Trade Unions Act More than 1000 trade unions have been established after a progressive Trade Unions Act was adopted in 2012 Energy Realising Myanmar s energy potential and increasing access to electricity has been given high priority by the country s authorities Norway assists the Ministry of Energy with capacity building through the International Centre for Hydropower ICH and the Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate NVE Norway is also an important contributor to the World Bank s Myanmar Electric Power Project through consulting services provided by Norconsult and we assist Myanmar s authorities in revising the country s electricity legislation through for example cooperation with the Asian Development Bank ADB Norway s cooperation with the Asian Development Bank concerning revision of the electricity legislation is well under way and it will result in the establishment of an independent agency for regulating the power sector Norway will also assist Myanmar with management of the petroleum sector through the Oil for Development programme The programme will for example entail capacity building in the ministries for energy finance and tax revenue as well as resource management related to climate and forests Read more about the cooperation between Norway and Myanmar through the Oil for development programme Environment and climate Through the Norwegian Climate and Forest Initiative Norway has seriously started preparations for cooperation with Myanmar s Ministry of Environment and Forests This encompasses cooperation with the Norwegian Environment Agency Norwegian Institute for Water Research NIVA Nordic World Heritage Foundation UNESCO and the Rainforest Foundation In 2013 the partners conducted several survey studies and inspections and held courses on the management of protected areas The funds distributed in 2013 were used to finance preparatory measures that will form the basis for a future UN REDD programme UN programme for reduced emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in Myanmar and are in line with Norway s objective of contributing to the preservation of natural forests in developing countries Norway s contributions to surveying potential candidates for natural heritage status have guided the process to nominate natural areas in Myanmar for World Heritage status The United Nations Development Programme s UNDP work with the preservation and rehabilitation of Inle Lake was supported with NOK 6 5 million in 2013 The support has contributed to the financing of a number of activities in villages near and around the lake related to sustainable forest management agriculture and ecotourism Among other things the project has contributed to increased access to clean drinking water Human rights Norway has helped determine the number of political prisoners detained in Myanmar under the military dictatorship Travel assistance and money to purchase medicines has been given to families of political prisoners through the local organisation Assistance Association for political prisoners It has been vital to release information about the situation to the civil population politicians and opposition groups in Myanmar Therefore Norway has been supporting Irrawaddy

    Original URL path: http://www.norad.no/en/countries/asia-and-oceania/myanmar (2014-09-27)
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  • Nepal - norad.no
    cooking the family s meals Education Norway supports Nepal s primary education programme The main objective is to ensure a good programme of primary education for all children The results in relation to the agreed targets are generally positive especially with regard to increased access to education at all levels The percentage of year one students with a preschool background is increasing rapidly and it is now at 57 per cent 3 per cent higher than in 2012 Nearly 92 per cent of all five year olds started in year one in 2013 Girls and boys are equally represented at all levels from the first to the eighth year and national tests for year eight students show that there is little difference between boys and girls with regard to learning Other indicators related to access including the number of schools and classrooms show positive development In 2013 almost 500 schools 18 000 new classrooms and 1000 girls toilets were built for example Public education statistics are not very suitable for identifying what happens in the classroom One indicator is access to teachers The number of students per teacher is 29 on a national basis with significant regional differences One recently conducted survey shows that absence among teachers is between 11 and 14 per cent The teaching method is primarily based on lectures A new national testing programme reveals that many lack basic reading and writing skills even in the eighth year as well as skills related to the application of knowledge and critical thinking Poor quality teaching and little adaptation in relation to individual needs contribute to inefficiency In 2013 more than 17 per cent of the year one students had to repeat the year down from 10 per cent in 2012 A greater focus on mother tongue instruction may be the reason for such a positive trend While most children start school there are many who drop out before the prescribed time According to the most recent population census up to half a million children between the ages of 5 and 15 do not attend school Donors to the sectoral programme have established work groups to follow up challenges such as administration quality evaluation social inclusion and gender equality Norway participates in the work group for social inclusion and gender equality and it has particularly focused on the need to strengthen efforts for the rights of disabled children to education With regard to gender equality in addition to scholarships for girls efforts are directed towards schools having their own toilets for girls and the recruitment of female teachers The current percentage of female teachers is approximately 40 percent at the primary school level but just 17 per cent at the lower secondary school level The quota system for women people from lower castes and other discriminated groups in the public sector will contribute to an increased percentage of women over time cms content Join these Nepalese pupils in their classrooms The film is from 2012 Good governance Since 2008 Norway has supported the national decentralisation programme LGCDP Local Governance and Community Development Programme Evaluations of LGCDP show good results with regard to strengthening the local population s participation in planning at the local level and improving the provision of local services from the local authorities to the population Through LGCDP local institutions and advisory groups have been established in all of Nepal s 3915 villages and 58 urban municipalities By about the middle of 2013 35 600 local institutions with somewhat over 800 000 members and 4300 advisory groups with around 116 000 members had been established In Nepal Norway cooperates closely with the UN organisation UNICEF to promote child friendly governance The work has gradually changed from being a UNICEF managed project to being a programme in which Norway and UNICEF support the implementation of the authorities national strategy for child friendly governance within the framework of the LGCDP Strengthening the rights of children and their living conditions is an important part of UNICEF s national programme in Nepal for the period from 2013 to 2017 Norway supports this work with approximately NOK 30 million during the period from 2013 to 2017 In 2013 there were more than 17 000 clubs for children and youth with more than 400 000 members in Nepal These clubs contribute to placing the interests and problems of children on the agenda Representatives for the clubs participate to an increasing extent in municipal committees and planning processes and over time they will participate in local administrative bodies for public health centres and schools Norway and the rest of the donor community in Nepal provided extensive support for the preparation and execution of the election in November 2013 Norway has supported the Election Commission of Nepal ECN for several years through a multi donor fund administered by UNDP A new agreement on Norwegian contributions for the period from 2013 to 2016 was signed in 2013 Norway was also one of the largest contributors to the election through the Nepal Peace Trust Fund Norway s support for work on a new constitution has been channelled through the United Nations Development Programme UNDP and International IDEA Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance In addition a Norwegian expert has been an advisor to the Election Commission in Nepal with regard to the voting system in connection with drafting a new constitution preparation of a new Election Act and practical issues For a number of years Norway has supported the work of the Institute for Democracy and Election Assistance IDEA in Nepal and fully financed the organisation in 2013 The IDEA plays an important role in connection with the country s constitutional work for example as the only external actor that provides technical support to the members of the constituent assembly The IDEA also has a strong focus on gender equality in constitutional work and it has prepared a check list in order to facilitate identification of where in the constitution the text should be improved for the

    Original URL path: http://www.norad.no/en/countries/asia-and-oceania/nepal (2014-09-27)
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  • Pakistan - norad.no
    check list have been developed for cooperation between police and prosecuting authorities in order to strengthen the preparation of cases under indictment A total of 50 equipment kits for the collection of technical evidence was distributed to the police in Punjab Education NOK 3 049 million was paid to Right to Play RTP in 2013 A total of 75 000 children have participated in the organisation s organised play and sports activities An agreement has also been signed that RTP s programme should be included as part of the education in schools in certain provinces Another partner Bulandi completed and opened a public school in Kashmir in 2013 Equipment was given to three laboratories at the school A total of 500 girls are educated at a well equipped school The embassy s cooperation programme with the education authorities in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province has not made any progress in 2013 Of the NOK 25 million allocated none of the money was distributed New forms of cooperation have been discussed with the education authorities and other donors Village development NOK 17 million was paid to the project Chitral Integrated Area Development Program CIADP in 2013 The project is being carried out in close cooperation with the local authorities whose planning and support functions will also be strengthened through the CIADP Results Prevention of local natural disasters through courses for the authorities and building dams that protect local communities from flooding and landslides Planting of 20 000 confer trees that are to reduce the risk of a landslide on steep slopes Improved health and hygiene conditions through the distribution of 1100 gas fired ovens to replace coal burning ovens Training in maternal and newborn health and construction of waterworks for drinking water Greater income opportunities for families that have received assistance for gardening honey production or fruit growing Construction and improvement of schools Women gender equality and human rights The Human Rights Commission of Pakistan is an active participant in the public dialogue on human rights issues and publishes the recognised report State of Human Rights annually With Norwegian support human rights violations are surveyed and monitored Increased awareness of children s rights and work to prevent the sexual assault on children is the purpose of Norway s annual support of NOK 1 66 million to the civil society organisation Sahil In 2013 Sahil reached out with facts on child molestation through 97 newspapers at the local and national levels They have distributed information on the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child to 8022 course participants and assisted various organisations with training in the protection of children In four prisons Sahil has reached out to 105 young people with information on children s rights the protection of children and gender based violence and child marriage Legal aid has been provided in 140 cases through a network of voluntary lawyers Training has been given to 165 lawyers through various bar associations The organisation Rozan has prepared a curriculum that focuses on the rights of vulnerable groups such as women and children The curriculum has become a part of ordinary police training The content will also be part of the examination testing of police under training Support for free media The embassy supports the Free Media Foundation FMF and the project SAFMA South Asian Free Media Association The project works to ensure that the media will be an effective tool for building peaceful relations in the region with emphasis on the relationship between Pakistan and India FMF maintains that they have achieved the following results in 2013 Contributed to greater awareness of issues related to terrorism extremism and inter governmental conflicts with emphasis on the relationship between India Afghanistan and Pakistan through one regional and eight national networks of journalist Increased knowledge of regional issues among journalists in the region has been achieved through twelve training programmes for journalists exchange of journalists and common conferences between India and Pakistan with participation of decision makers and the media Culture In 2013 the Norwegian Embassy distributed NOK 4 3 million of the allocated NOK 9 0 million The reason for the low expenditure was in part due to projects that were frozen due to investigations of wrongdoings and in part the fact that the authorities did not fulfil their part of the cooperation The aim of the Rafi Peer Theatre Workshops RPTW project The Cultural Diversification Programme is social change better training for children and young people and income opportunities for the artisans NOK 1 5 million was distributed to RPTW in 2013 The RPTW has arranged festivals that have included films Sufi music art crafted by young people and traditional puppet theatre as well as a peace festival in India The training initiatives and cultural cooperation have in addition to the festivals reached out to 131 350 people and these initiatives have given women and young people in particular income opportunities Cooperation with the Aga Khan Foundation AKF has resulted in Restoration and incorporation of the hundred year old Vazir House in Swat into the local tourism industry A total of 27 local craftsman have received training in and participated in the restoration work The embassy has contributed to restoration of the 400 year old Royal Bath Shahi Hamman in the old part of Lahore The restoration has resulted in increased interest from the local population and media in preservation and the revitalisation of historical city centres The AFK s documentation of eight old forts promotion of tourist routes along the old Silk Road and support of local culture festivals has contributed to the fact that preservation of national heritage for the development of tourism is now a key part of the local authorities development agenda for Gilgit Baltistan NOK 2 8 million was distributed to the AKF in 2013 Natural disasters Norway supports a programme to increase the disaster management capacity of the authorities and the local humanitarian partners The National Disaster Management Authority NDMA selected 51 of the most vulnerable districts

    Original URL path: http://www.norad.no/en/countries/asia-and-oceania/pakistan (2014-09-27)
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  • Sri Lanka - norad.no
    income generating activities of whom 216 are women Sevalanka has contributed to strengthening the administrative capacity of women s organizations to be able to lead development projects in local communities Through this programme ten district development associations for women have increased their membership by 50 per cent over the period Five hundred and eighty families have had access to loans through the organizations Four hundred women underwent training to start income generating activities of whom 296 have begun to earn money in 2013 Three hundred families received seeds and 77 of these are already earning extra income through sales of surplus produce In addition an aquaculture facility for fry has been completed which will help to restart inland fisheries in 25 local communities Strømme Foundation received funding in 2013 for a programme in the Mannar district where 390 families have been given support to recommence agricultural and livelihood activities Eighty six wells have been constructed and 460 families have been given access to water Anti corruption work Norway has supported Transparency International TI and in 2013 TI provided training courses for 600 employees in local administration and elected officials at local level the topic of which was anti corruption and governance A network of parliamentarians against corruption was established as a member of the Global Organization of Parliamentarians against Corruption TI also contributed to the establishment of citizens committees at provincial town village level These have provided input to the debate on budget and development locally Strengthening media education and independent media Norway and Denmark have provided support to the Sri Lanka Press Institute SLPI which runs foundation and further education courses for journalists Twenty students underwent the journalist training programme in 2013 The Press Complaints Commission of Sri Lanka handled altogether 163 complaints in the course of 2013 At the same time an increase was observed in the number of apologies published in newspapers based on complaints sent directly to the editors This indicates a rise in professionalism in the media industry and improved professional ethics Support is also provided to the Media Resources and Training Centre which provides journalist training under the auspices of the University of Jaffna A total of 27 students have completed the training all of whom have found jobs in the media industry on completion of their course Sixty six per cent of the students are girls Economic development The objective for our support for economic development is to contribute to Sri Lanka s national goal of improving living conditions in poor regions This is brought about through interventions that contribute to growth and business development and increased employment One of Norway s areas of support is that of vocational training Sixty eight percent of those who received this training have obtained paid work since and have increased their basic income by more than 500 per cent for men and 370 per cent for women Improved access to credit schemes and competence building has been central to the Norwegian Embassy s support via IFC

    Original URL path: http://www.norad.no/en/countries/asia-and-oceania/sri-lanka (2014-09-27)
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  • Timor-Leste - norad.no
    issues geophysics management and the environment Numerous Norwegian specialists have provided expertise in these areas A Norwegian funded scholarship programme has also helped build the competence of officials who now hold high offices Read more about the cooperation between Norway and Timor Leste through Oil for development programme Renewable energy In cooperation with East Timorese authorities Norway has granted support for a project in the energy sector The project was discontinued in 2013 because the authorities decided to install diesel fuelled power plants for energy production Norway and East Timor therefore jointly decided to discontinue the clean energy programme since neither hydropower nor clean energy are given high priority by the authorities at the present time Norway has chosen to complete the ongoing study programme for students in Indonesia Democracy and human rights The Norwegian Embassy supports a number of initiatives related to the judicial sector women and gender equality and children s rights Norway has granted support to the judicial sector since 2002 These efforts are mainly undertaken through the UN and civil society In 2013 a foundation was laid for support to anti corruption efforts through the UN organization UNODC The project will start during the first half of 2014 Norway grants support to preventive efforts in the field of children s rights A project undertaken in cooperation with UNICEF has helped establish networks for the protection of children in 17 districts In conjunction with the UN organizations UNDP and UNCDF Norway is supporting a project for training of local district authorities The project focuses especially on capacity building for technical engineers at the local level and implementation of small scale infrastructure Norway is also granting support to the UNDP Justice System Program JSP This programme has been important to the judicial sector An evaluation undertaken by Norad and FAFO in 2012 gave the project a favourable review The project has trained judges prosecutors and defence attorneys and proposals for new legislation have been prepared Women and gender equality The Norwegian Embassy is taking active steps to strengthen the dialogue with project partners with regard to gender mainstreaming as well as in integrating perspectives on gender equality in further parts of the embassy s daily activities Norway maintains comprehensive efforts pertaining to women s rights and gender equality with a view to preventing violence against women in East Timor Norway grants support to a programme for enhancement of women s rights during court proceeding and for monitoring ongoing cases in the judicial system Violence against women is a concern in the patriarchal society of East Timor Norwegian support for combating violence against women is channelled through the UN organization UNWOMEN Furthermore Norway grants support to networking through women s groups that provide information on gender based violence and support to victims of violence Fisheries In December 2013 Norway signed an agreement with the Mercy Corps and Hivos NGOs on a project that will help develop small scale inland aquaculture with a view to better nutrition use of fish

    Original URL path: http://www.norad.no/en/countries/asia-and-oceania/timor-leste (2014-09-27)
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