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  • Route and conditions | South Pole 1911-2011
    Heiberg Glacier and onward to the Pole No one has taken this route since 1911 Amundsen set out with 52 dogs and returned with 11 We will not be using dogs to pull our gear Dogs are now banned from Antarctica for fear they might introduce species that would perturb the ecosystem We do not intend to replicate what Amundsen and his men accomplished 100 years ago But even if

    Original URL path: http://sorpolen2011.npolar.no/en/route-and-conditions.html (2014-09-28)
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  • Expedition completed | South Pole 1911-2011
    Institute The live broadcast and link up with the festivities in Tromsø where H R H Crown Prince Haakan participated was the best moment We couldn t see the crowds but understood that many people had gathered in the centre of town on this December evening Jan Gunnar will now travel with the Norwegian Prime Minister s delegation by way of the American research station McMurdo to Christchurch in New

    Original URL path: http://sorpolen2011.npolar.no/en/diary/south-pole/2011-12-15-expedition-completed.html (2014-09-28)
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  • Most esteemed Mr. Amundsen, | South Pole 1911-2011
    the imposing mountains rise up on the horizon over the Ross Ice Shelf We ran into sastrugi and powder in the same places as you did Were enchanted by the cascades of ice on the Axel Heiberg Glacier Both our parties were in a hurry You had to arrive before Scott we had to catch up with you No easy task Roald Amundsen Photo Norwegian Polar Institute We are deeply impressed by your organisational skills efficiency and dedication Depots every degree of latitude Countless snow cairns to show the way home How you tenaciously held firm to the belief that the Axel Heiberg Glacier would allow you to pass between waterfalls of ice and gaping crevasses up to the plateau The impressive distances you advanced in a day All the fuss with dogs provisions and old time equipment that we were spared But most of all that you went into completely unknown territory with inhuman pressure on your shoulders The goal or fiasco You must have pondered intensely how you would be received on arriving home And you had to get back to the Bay of Whales and Fram before a new winter set in Yes and where was Scott

    Original URL path: http://sorpolen2011.npolar.no/en/diary/south-pole/2011-12-15-esteemed-mr-amundsen.html (2014-09-28)
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  • Vegard and Harald Dag have arrived at the South Pole | South Pole 1911-2011
    able to raise our flag at the geographical South Pole King Håkon VII s Vidda Thanks be to God Amundsen on this day 100 years ago Read more All four tems members gathered on an earlier occasion Photo Norwegian Polar Institute Vegard and Harald Dag completed the expedition on skis and reached the Pole at 11 30 am Norwegian time 11 30 pm New Zealand time which is local time

    Original URL path: http://sorpolen2011.npolar.no/en/diary/south-pole/2011-12-14-vegard-and-harald-dag-have-arrived-at-the-south-pole.html (2014-09-28)
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  • Partners | South Pole 1911-2011
    in the media Contact us You are here Home About the project Partners Partners Chief sponsors Dissemination of knowledge about historic and recent research concerning the polar regions is important This is why SpareBank 1 Nord Norge and Troms Kraft AS are proud to support the Centenary Expedition to the South Pole Equipment kindly provided by We have also had superb support from South Pole 1911 2011 is an informational

    Original URL path: http://sorpolen2011.npolar.no/en/about/partners.html (2014-09-28)
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  • Did you know ..? | South Pole 1911-2011
    the Norvegia expeditions During these missions scientific investigations were carried out and unknown territories were charted this helped ensure that Norway now has sovereign territories in the southern hemisphere Did you know that Oscar Wisting was the seamstress of Amundsens s South Pole expedition Oscar Adolf Wisting 1871 1936 was head hunted for the expedition to the South Pole after having test flown kites designed to lift a man Did you know that Bouvetøya is the most isolated island in the world Bouvetøya is a Norwegian island in the South Atlantic The closest land mass is Dronning Maud Land in Antarctica 1 700 km farther south Did you know that littering is illegal in Antarctica The countries with activities in Antarctica have agreed that all waste produced during expeditions and at research stations must be sorted and shipped off the continent Did you know that Helmer Hanssen accompanied Roald Amundsen on three expeditions Helmer Hanssen 1870 1956 from Vesterålen in northern Norway accompanied Roald Amundsen on three of his expeditions Did you know that an ice shelf is a glacier floating on the sea Nearly 10 of the land area of Antarctica is ice shelves Researchers are currently studying one of the largest of these Fimbulisen to find answers to important questions about the Earth s climate Did you know that Norwegian researchers lived in Antarctica from 1956 to 1960 and that it had major political consequences In 1939 Norway annexed part of the Antarctic continent Dronning Maud Land In 1956 to ensure that this claim would be honoured it was time to show Norwegian presence on the continent Did you know that when you run out of things to talk about you talk about the weather The weather changes dramatically as you move from the inland to the coast of Antarctica rather like what you see in Norway but more extreme Did you know that dogs are banned from Antarctica But it used to be common practice to bring dogs along to Antarctica Dogs served as draught animals and helped with transport of supplies and equipment Did you know that the first woman who skied to the South Pole was Norwegian Liv Arnesen from Bærum made international headlines when as the first woman ever she skied alone to the South Pole without any support or supplies from the outside world Arnesen set out from Hercules Inlet at the southern end of the Weddell Sea 5 November 1994 She reached the South Pole fifty days later on Christmas Eve of the same year after having skied 1200 km She was picked up and flown out of the continent Did you know that Antarctica has its own film festival Winter International Film Festival Antarctica Wiffa is an annual film festival open exclusively to those who spend the entire winter in Antarctica Did you know that whaling sped up the mapping of Antarctica When whaling in the Southern Ocean began in the early 1900s the need for maps of relevant sea areas

    Original URL path: http://sorpolen2011.npolar.no/en/did-you-know/ (2014-09-28)
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  • Did you know that Norway snatched Dronning Maud Land from right under the nose of Adolf Hitler? | South Pole 1911-2011
    success in 1920 but the occupation of East Greenland was rejected by the International Court of Justice in The Hague 5 April 1933 The government under Johan Nygaardsvold was also more lukewarm towards new land transfers than the Farmer s Party government that had been in power when Greenland was occupied Great Britain expanded its territory in 1933 by claiming the Australian sector which to this day is the largest claim in Antarctica This could potentially influence Norwegian whaling and voices were heard expressing the desirability of a Norwegian occupation But Norway s relations with Great Britain weighed heavily The superpower did not recognise the Norwegian fishing zone in northern Norway and the Norwegian government was reluctant to exacerbate this conflict by also occupying land in Antarctica The issue was therefore set aside in 1934 Adolf Hoel Photo Norwegian Polar Institute The thing that got the Norwegian authorities moving again was a rumour they heard from Adolf Hoel leader of NSIU Norges Svalbard og Ishavsundersøkelser Norwegian Svalbard and Polar Sea Research the forerunner of the Norwegian Polar Institute In December 1938 Hoel had been in Berlin to give a lecture about Norwegian polar research He recalled that the Germans had contacted NSIU with enquiries about literature concerning occupation of Arctic and Antarctic regions and purely by coincidence he heard about a secret German expedition to Antarctica The objective was to occupy areas that many considered Norwegian On his way home Hoel communicated his concerns to Jens Bull chief of staff at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs The government reacted with indignation and immediately arranged for a secret meeting on 5 January 1939 During the meeting Hoel expressed his opinion which was that if Germany annexed this territory it would create a political scandal The meeting at the Department of Foreign

    Original URL path: http://sorpolen2011.npolar.no/en/did-you-know/2011-12-14-norway-snatched-dronning-maud-land.html (2014-09-28)
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  • Did you know that when the American Richard E. Byrd flew over the South Pole in 1929, a Norwegian was at the controls? | South Pole 1911-2011
    the rest of the expedition managed to get themselves to safety on the aircraft N 24 and the rescue mission was aborted But Bernt Balchen had not done his last flying in polar regions When Amundsen made his attempt to reach the North Pole with the airship Norge the following year Balchen participated as part of the ground crew The American Richard Evelyn Byrd was in Svalbard at the time of the Norge expedition The presence of the American team caused some consternation among Amundsen and his men but the two expeditions established a polite relationship Byrd claimed to have reached the North Pole by air 9 May 1926 in a Fokker F VII triple engine plane but this claim was later strongly disputed Balchen wanted to fly a wish Amundsen could not accommodate so he approached Byrd He worked for a while as test pilot for the Fokker factory in the US and in 1927 Byrd Balchen Bert Acosta and George Noville crossed the Atlantic from New York to Ver sur Mer in the north of France There the pilot Balchen was forced to land on water because of poor visibility No one was injured in the emergency landing When Byrd organised an expedition to Antarctica in 1928 Balchen went along as pilot On 28 November 1929 Balchen flew a Ford Tri motor aircraft to the South Pole and back again from the base Little America on the Ross Ice Shelf With him on board were expedition leader Byrd co pilot and radio operator Harold June and photographer Ashley McKinley To get enough lift to clear the Antarctic Plateau they were forced to dump both their rations and their fuel reserves and it took 18 hours and 41 minutes to complete this historic flight Bernt Balchen continued his career

    Original URL path: http://sorpolen2011.npolar.no/en/did-you-know/2011-12-13-byrd-and-balchen-flew-over-the-south-pole.html (2014-09-28)
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