archive-no.com » NO » N » NPOLAR.NO

Total: 452

Choose link from "Titles, links and description words view":

Or switch to "Titles and links view".
  • Did you know that dogs are banned from Antarctica? | South Pole 1911-2011
    90 dogs to Antarctica The expedition s financial backing was from England but most of the crew and the researchers were Norwegian Two Sami men Ole Must and Per Savio had been included to care for the dogs The dogs made it possible to get around efficiently on the icy continent The expedition members made several short excursions by dogsled to the eastern side of Kapp Adare and a few trips to more distant areas to do surveying When Roald Amundsen conquered the South Pole in 1911 his success was largely based on quick and efficient transport by dogsled to the geographical pole Polheim He brought along approximately 98 dogs to Antarctica mainly dogs purchased in Greenland In preparation for the actual attempt to reach the pole depots containing food and equipment had been established These depots were marked with dried fish so the dogs would catch the scent from afar and be guided straight to the depots On the way to the South Pole most of the dogs were slaughtered and used as food for both dogs and humans The site of the slaughter was given the name Slakteren the Butcher Roald Amundsen s lead dog was named Obersten the Colonel and was one of the eleven dogs that returned from the South Pole and sailed with Fram to Argentina There the rest of the dogs died of illnesses or were sold Only the Colonel returned to Norway alive Later expeditions have also used dogs even after tracked vehicles came into use Dogs were dependable and they were important for the well being of many expedition members who enjoyed playing and talking with their dogs The Norwegian Antarctic expedition of 1956 1960 took along 42 Greenland huskies The dogs reproduced during the three years the expedition lasted and several

    Original URL path: http://sorpolen2011.npolar.no/en/did-you-know/2011-11-12-dogs-are-banned-from-antarctica.html (2014-09-28)
    Open archived version from archive


  • Did you know that the first woman who skied to the South Pole was Norwegian? | South Pole 1911-2011
    1200 km She was picked up and flown out of the continent Liv Arnesen and Ann Bancroft at the South Pole in 2001 Photo yourexpedition com Several other Norwegian women have also left their mark on Antarctica Caroline Mikkelsen wife of the whaling captain Klarius Mikkelsen was the first woman to step ashore onto Antarctica 20 February 1935 Monica Kristensen Solås has participated in several research expeditions to Antarctica in her capacity as a glaciologist The first was in 1980 81 when she was part of a British Antarctic expedition In 1984 85 she participated in the Norwegian Polar Institute s expedition with the Coast Guard ship K V Andenes and in 1986 87 she organised and led a dog sled expedition that was meant to retrace Roald Amundsen s route to the South Pole The expedition was forced to turn back at 85 59 S In 1991 92 Kristensen Solås established the research station Blåenga in Coats Land West Antarctica This was during the first season of the Aurora programme a three year climate research project involving meteorology glaciology and oceanography The programme was to be carried out on Filchnerisen the Filchner Ice Shelf where no such studies had previously been done During this season she also made her first attempt to find the tent Roald Amundsen had left at the South Pole in 1911 The idea was to exhibit the tent during the Winter Olympics in Lillehammer in 1994 Kristensen Solås failed to relocate the tent but tried again in the 1993 94 season when she led her next research expedition in the Antarctic This attempt was also unsuccessful the tent is believed to be buried under 15 metres of snow At the end of December 1993 the expedition suffered a serious setback when its second in command

    Original URL path: http://sorpolen2011.npolar.no/en/did-you-know/2011-11-11-the-first-woman-who-skied-to-the-south-pole-was-norwegian.html (2014-09-28)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Did you know that Antarctica has its own film festival? | South Pole 1911-2011
    first time in 2008 Eight stations participated and for every year since then both interest in the festival and the number of participants has grown The festival has two categories Open competition all topics are allowed but the film must not exceed five minutes in length 48 hour filming takes place in the first week of August The competitors compile a list of elements that must be included and then the film must be ready to screen within 48 hours In 2009 the Norwegian research station Troll in Dronning Maud Land competed with the film Hunger at Troll The obligatory elements that year were an angry cook a funny hat the line Do you want to buy a dog a roll of toilet paper and the sound of a can being opened a soft drink for example After much diligent effort the Norwegian overwintering team managed to produce a black and white film in the spirit of Roald Amundsen The film came third in its class in competition with 21 others Quite a respectable ranking to be sure In 2010 Troll Station participated with the film Recapture of the South Pole That year the contributions were required to contain a

    Original URL path: http://sorpolen2011.npolar.no/en/did-you-know/2011-11-10-antarctica-has-its-own-film-festival.html (2014-09-28)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Did you know that whaling sped up the mapping of Antarctica? | South Pole 1911-2011
    aim was to assess the whale populations in the Southern Ocean but they also did research and charted unknown regions On the fourth and last Norvegia expedition aircraft were used for the first time for reconnaissance and surveying on a broad scale The first expedition dedicated exclusively to surveying was carried out in 1936 This expedition implemented a new technique called photogrammetry in which cartographic data are constructed from aerial photographs The images were taken from the aircraft towards the ground at an angle rather than straight down as is commonly done today The swaths of photos overlapped by 60 along each flight path so the images could be viewed three dimensionally in a stereoscope This made it possible to recreate the terrain and construct contour lines The chief task for the expedition was to map the area between 20 W and 45 E longitude that is the area called Dronning Maud Land which Norway annexed two years later The surveying activities that Norwegian expeditions carried out during this period helped ensure the acceptance of Norway s claim to Dronning Maud Land After the Second World War Norway has mounted several mapping expeditions to Antarctica the main goals have been

    Original URL path: http://sorpolen2011.npolar.no/en/did-you-know/2011-11-09-whaling-sped-up-the-mapping-of-antarctica.html (2014-09-28)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Did you know that satellite data are downloaded from space at Troll Station in Antarctica? | South Pole 1911-2011
    about the climate the environment and the weather These data are used both for research and for environmental monitoring The satellite station TrollSat is a milestone for environmental monitoring by satellite said Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg when he inaugurated TrollSat at the Norwegian research station Troll in Dronning Maud Land on 19 January 2008 TrollSat cooperates with SvalSat in Svalbard providing a pole to pole concept that allows data to be downloaded twice for each orbit The satellite station was established by Kongsberg Satellite Services KSAT and is situated at the research station Troll The Norwegian Polar Institute uses satellite data downloaded at TrollSat for its research projects in Antarctica and for mapping and efficient monitoring of glaciers and sea ice in Antarctica Another ground station has been built at Troll as part of a future civilian European satellite navigation system called Galileo Unlike GPS Galileo will be under civilian control and constructed for civilian needs The system will eventually consist of 30 satellites and have ground stations all over the globe Galileo will enhance search and rescue services and improve both environmental monitoring and monitoring of sea traffic By enabling greater precision in navigation the system will make it

    Original URL path: http://sorpolen2011.npolar.no/en/did-you-know/2011-11-08-satellite-data-are-downloaded-from-space-at-troll-station.html (2014-09-28)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Did you know that krill is a vital food source for several species in Antarctica? | South Pole 1911-2011
    up in the ecosystem Photo Tor Ivan Karlsen Norwegian Polar Institute Antarctic krill Euphausia superba are about six cm long weigh 20 g and can live to the age of seven years They contain substantial amounts of fat and swim in huge swarms that make them easy and nutritious prey for seabirds penguins seals and whales and also make them attractive to trawlers Like other crustaceans krill have an outer shell that must be shed periodically Between moults krill can grow if food is plentiful but if food is scarce they can shrink Krill occur in huge swarms and have a patchy distribution in Antarctica researchers estimate the population to between 50 and 500 million tonnes Krill swarms can stretch several kilometres in all directions and contain up to 30 000 individuals per cubic meter Antarctic krill is considered a cold water species and thrives best at seawater temperatures under 2 C In the winter krill are dependent on sea ice where they graze on the ice algae that grow on the underside of the ice For this reason krill may be acutely vulnerable if seawater temperatures rise and sea ice melts away Krill fishing in the Southern Ocean is

    Original URL path: http://sorpolen2011.npolar.no/en/did-you-know/2011-11-07-krill-is-a-vital-food-source-for-several-antarctic-species.html (2014-09-28)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Did you know that the thickest ice in Antarctica measures all of 4,776 metres? | South Pole 1911-2011
    Traverse Expeditions TASTE IDEA in 2007 2008 Photo Jan Gunnar Winther Norwegian Polar Institute In Wilkes Land which is between 100 and 140 degrees east longitude in Antarctica the ice is at its thickest The rest of the ice in Antarctica averages 2 000 metres thick At Dome C on the east side of Antarctica researchers have extracted an ice core 3 201 metres long the longest ice core that

    Original URL path: http://sorpolen2011.npolar.no/en/did-you-know/2011-11-06-the-thickest-ice-in-antarctica-measures-4776-metres.html (2014-09-28)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Did you know that Norway was involved in arranging the first international expedition to Antarctica? | South Pole 1911-2011
    expedition leader The expedition introduced new methods that have since become standard practice as well as achieving many notable results The expedition team and their equipment were transported to Dronning Maud Land in Antarctica aboard the sealing vessel Norsel The vessel anchored in Norselbukta Norsel Bay and Maudheim station was set up on the ice shelf During the first winter the team collected meteorological glaciological and seismic data continuously and planned research excursions that were to be made by dogsled the following spring and summer The dogs were put in training depots were established and several trips were made farther inland Such trips used both dogsleds and tracked vehicles Norsel returned with additional supplies after one year and Maudheim was prepared for another overwintering season but this winter would be dramatic in several ways On 24 February 1951 four expedition members set off for Norselbukta in a tracked vehicle Several hundred metres of the ice shelf broke off and the vehicle fell into the ocean and three expedition members drowned Stig Hallgren managed to climb up on an ice floe and was rescued after 13 hours These events put a damper on the expedition but additional tribulations were in store

    Original URL path: http://sorpolen2011.npolar.no/en/did-you-know/2011-11-05-norway-was-involved-in-arranging-the-first-international-expedition-to-antarctica.html (2014-09-28)
    Open archived version from archive