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  • Amundsen's diary: Saturday, 19 November 2011 | South Pole 1911-2011
    opposite side We came here at 2 p m and halted in order to find a way out of the terribly chaotic crevasses that surround us Enormous blocks of ice mighty abysses and huge crevasses blocked the way everywhere It seemed really rather difficult to find any route ahead but after a trip of five hours HH Bj and myself were able to find a reasonably acceptable pass at the head of the glacier This pass went between Olavshøi and a lesser mountain at the head We now have our camp site at about 6 000 ft above sea level The pass just discovered presumably lies at 8 000ft Through the pass we could just about glimpse the summit of a mountain with the same ridge like appearance of Håkonshallen sticking up out of the snow Conditions seemed quite decent Not a crevasse or unevenness to be seen Presumably it is the plateau and we will be up there tomorrow evening Fain would I know what I once may see over the mountains high someone burst out here the other day Oh well someone else answered Only snow will meet the eye It came out drily and caused roars of

    Original URL path: http://sorpolen2011.npolar.no/en/diary-amundsen/1911-11-19.html (2014-09-28)
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  • Amundsen's diary: Friday, 18 November 2011 | South Pole 1911-2011
    crevassed glacier with many huge chasms but almost completely drifted over Here we had an extraordinarily steep climb had to hitch all the dogs to two sledges at a time and still they found it hard At the top of this glacier we arrived at an altitude according to the aneroid of 4 400 feet Then again a harsh descent These downhill runs are dangerous If one does not take proper care to brake the dogs quickly take command and charge off threatening anyone who strays into the vicinity Finally we came down via an old drifted up glacier There were many huge and treacherous holes in it but we happily avoided them Our course continued towards Håkonshallen which we thought was the only one we saw during the climb On coming down to the above mentioned glacier a huge mighty glacier appeared absolutely fjord like running W E true from Håkonshallen out into Olavs Bight So if we had continued in to Olavs Bight towards which we originally had steered we could have followed this glacier directly up to the camp we have this evening Ah well we couldn t have done it that way under two days either This is the glacier that will be our way back when we come down from the plateau We are now lying on a little glacier between Håkonshallen and the N summit and I hope that we can find a good way up here We are now lying under the sky high Håkonshallen a magnificent sight A large part of the summit is snow free while the flanks are clad in a chaos of huge ice blocks The N summit makes a gentler impression Here by contrast with Håkonshallen the entire long flat top is encased in a smooth solid layer

    Original URL path: http://sorpolen2011.npolar.no/en/diary-amundsen/1911-11-18.html (2014-09-28)
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  • Amundsen's diary: Thursday, 17 November 2011 | South Pole 1911-2011
    fårhåbninger We have covered a distance of10 nautical miles and climbed ca 2 000ft in altitude We are now lying between mountain summits and old dead glaciers in the loveliest camp site in the world We have passed several huge crevasses but all full of old snow So as not to run into these on the return journey we have today built eight high wide snow cairns two by two on each side of our track so that we cannot make a mistake Took six photographs of the mountains at the foot of the climb They are from No 1 to No 6 on film No 3 All visible mountains seem to be loose scree On the snow round each summit we can see a strong reddish yellow colour Presumably some gravel containing iron that has been drifted over The weather has been wonderful pure summer We are lightly clad and are enjoying the summer warmth On all dark objects the snow is very hard Clear and absolutely calm On the steepest pitches we had to relay the sledges two by two with 16 dogs in front of each It went like a dream HH W have gone out to

    Original URL path: http://sorpolen2011.npolar.no/en/diary-amundsen/1911-11-17.html (2014-09-28)
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  • Amundsen's diary: Wednesday, 16 November 2011 | South Pole 1911-2011
    decided on the latter As a result we immediately 11 a m made camp took a meridian observation 85 5 and set about preparing our main depot It consists of full provisions for five men for 30 days a can of paraffin 17 l 20 boxes of matches some items of clothing and equipment We take south with us food for 5 men for 60 days We have 438 kg of dog pemmican left That allows us to use all our dogs for another eight days for the whole climb one hopes Thereafter we take 16 dogs to the Pole From the Pole 12 dogs Got our longitude during the afternoon so the position is fixed When everything was in order ca 5 p m four of us went in towards land to investigate the climb We must definitely have been very lucky indeed All formations are old here and completely filled The going in the heights was splendid Just enough loose snow for the dogs paws and a gradient not steeper than they can manage the first day at any rate We were ca 8 nautical miles inland and ca 2 000 ft up From there had the pleasure of being able to establish with certainty that the mountain range beginning with range D and as far as the eye could see ran in a NE ly direction probably the same as indicated by Sh to the SE On the way back Bj and I climbed the first bare rock There was no difficulty whatsoever in reaching it No trouble on the slope The hill consisted of loose scree We took some samples The summit does not lie much above the surface of the snow but nonetheless towers 1 000 ft above sea level I have named it Mount

    Original URL path: http://sorpolen2011.npolar.no/en/diary-amundsen/1911-11-16.html (2014-09-28)
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  • Amundsen's diary: Wednesday, 15 November 1911 | South Pole 1911-2011
    and absolutely clear It nonetheless feels quite sharp in our faces and we cannot avoid little spots of frostbite here and there The terrain has been rather undulating Huge wave formations In the trough of one of these we found a maze of huge crevasses and holes but as these are so firmly drifted over there was no danger A particularly high ridge in the barrier runs along the land and it is so high that from where we are now we can t see much more than steep land and heights We are now lying on the edge of a very deep depression which we must cross early tomorrow to surmount a very high ridge The bight to the S gives the impression more and more of offering a good climb We have now built our depot similarly to the others and taken the necessary bearings The depot is marked by a large piece of garbardine towards the S The dogs have become fairly ravenous now Thus they ruthlessly attack all lashings and rope ends so we shovel snow round the sledges The skiing has been fine as usual Quite flat with a few sastrugi This transcript comes from

    Original URL path: http://sorpolen2011.npolar.no/en/diary-amundsen/1911-11-15.html (2014-09-28)
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  • Amundsen's diary: Tuesday, 14 November 1911 | South Pole 1911-2011
    the last two days The bight that we had discovered towards the S now showed high ground behind Our course is now pointing exactly towards a high mountain we call it the Beehive Mountain48 on account of its resemblance to a beehive It is still so far off that one can say nothing with certainty but the shapes seem so fine and rounded that I definitely believe that a way up is possible there Probably we will reach it at about 86 S lat Today we estimated that ranges B and C were ca 20 nautical miles away We could see small details of the mountains with the telescope The bay that separates ranges B and C proved to be an extremely big glacier running NE SW Range D runs into the E ly range E in a NE ly direction The land mass that we can see in further in small sections continue in a NE ly direction Ranges C D E are thus without doubt the S most mountains in the world They are fantastically beautiful this p m Calm and clear the land is bathed in the sun wonderfully lovely Today the terrain has been better than

    Original URL path: http://sorpolen2011.npolar.no/en/diary-amundsen/1911-11-14.html (2014-09-28)
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  • Amundsen's diary: Monday, 13 November 1911 | South Pole 1911-2011
    Unfortunately the little light N ly breeze managed to force the fog in We have thus travelled in fog all day our 20 nautical miles It is sad to travel blind along unknown land but there is nothing to be done about it We hope that the fog will not last long The doggies are still behaving in the same way sprightly and satisfied Skiing and terrain the same excellent

    Original URL path: http://sorpolen2011.npolar.no/en/diary-amundsen/1911-11-13.html (2014-09-28)
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  • Amundsen's diary: Sunday, 12 November 1911 | South Pole 1911-2011
    can make out it lies in a more ESE ly direction Made a great discovery in the forenoon The S most and E most point of C range which I assumed must lie around 86 and where our climb must take place suddenly turned out to be the w most cape of a huge bight running south at least C range finishes there and land only appears again a whole point more E ly We cannot see land between these two capes and therefore I assume that we cannot come up against it before 87 According to the new compass error we have established today our course runs straight between the capes We are naturally very excited Reached 84 today and ought really to have a rest day tomorrow but we have agreed to profit by the fine weather The dogs do not give the impression of being exhausted We put out a depot during the afternoon It contains 24 kg dog pemmican 6 kg human pemmican 2 kg chocolate four bags of dried milk 800 biscuits one can of paraffin 17 l 1 box of matches five seal steaks one whip a few carabiners and some items of clothing

    Original URL path: http://sorpolen2011.npolar.no/en/diary-amundsen/1911-11-12.html (2014-09-28)
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